Libya | SAT-7
Libya’s history is one of foreign occupation and exploitation by various empires. It has been a territory of the Roman, Arab and Ottoman Empires, as well as an Italian colony during the 20th century. Libya was under British administration following the Second World War until the country gained independence in 1951, becoming the Kingdom of Libya, under King Idris. Libya remained a kingdom until a military coup in 1969, led by Muammar Gaddafi, displaced the King and forced him into exile.
Mustafa Abdul Jalil presides over the National Transitional Council, which took control following the popular uprising that ended Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year-long rule in 2011. Announcing the "liberation" of Libya the day after Col Gaddafi was captured and killed on 22 October, he called for reconciliation and said that Islamic law would be the foundation of legislation.
In the light of recent turmoil, Libya has been under much foreign investigation for alleged human rights abuses concerning people trafficking to replace labour lost in the armed conflict. Libya has an 81.6% average literacy rate, owing to compulsory free education for both genders.1
Precise data is not available.
Of a population of six million, only 1% is Christian, with 98% practising Islam. Freedom of religion exists in Libya, aside from the right to proselytize. Freedom of assembly, unless in direct support of the government, is also forbidden, so numerous churches are “underground”. The majority of Libya’s Christian population are foreigners.
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1. Middle East Literacy Report 2006
CHANNELS IN LIBYA
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