Holy Land | SAT-7
The State of Israel was founded in 1948. This followed a brief civil
war between Arab Palestinian and Jewish communities after the November
1947 UN vote to partition the former British mandate of Palestine.
British forces withdrew in 1948 and the State of Israel declared
‘The Holy Land’ has remained turbulent for over 60 years. Palestinians resent the loss of homes and land and aspire to have their own independent national status. Israelis, meanwhile, have felt threatened by those Arab states like Syria, which remain hostile to its existence, and fearful of violence by Palestinian militants. Since 1993’s ‘Oslo Accords’, agreed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), Palestinians have begun to take steps towards self-rule in Gaza and the West Bank. However, progress has been held up by clashes and divisions between the Fatah party-dominated Palestinian Authority, governing the West Bank, and the Hamas movement currently controlling the Gaza Strip.
The Israeli government is a parliamentary democracy in which Zionist parties dominate and are split between social democrats, conservatives and Jewish religious parties. Israel transferred security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to a new Palestinian Authority (PA) between 1994 and 1999. The PA has a democratically elected president and elected government in the West Bank. However, agreement between Fatah and Hamas has so far proved impossible and led to Hamas’ seizure of government institutions in Gaza in 2007.
Social unrest is dominated by the tensions between Palestinians and Jews and wider regional tensions, such as frequent rockets attacks since 2006 by the Lebanon-based militant Hezbollah party. Another issue has been the remaining settler communities on land claimed by Palestinians and their freedom to come and go without the military restrictions Palestinians experience. The lack of access to land for Palestinians, including restrictions caused by Israel’s security barrier, add to their economic difficulties. Unemployment rates contrast sharply with those for Israelis. In the Gaza Strip, some 38% of people are estimated to live below the poverty line.1
SAT-7’s broadcasts are watched by Arabic speakers in the Holy Land but precise viewing figures are unknown.
Religious affiliation in Israel is split between Judaism (75%), Islam (16.9%), Christian (2%), Druze (1.7%) and others (3.8%). In the West Bank, Muslims (mostly Sunni) comprise 75% of the population, Jews 17% and Christians and others 8%. In the Gaza Strip, 99.3% of the population is Muslim (mainly Sunni) and Christians 0.7%. 2
1. CIA World Factbook
CHANNELS IN THE HOLY LAND
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